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39067CubaAhora NEWS FROM CUBA

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  • Nestor Garcia Iturbe
    19 ago 2017
      News and Information about Cuba today

      CubaAhora  NEWS FROM CUBA 

      CubaAhora            sarahnes@...             Néstor Garcia Iturbe

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      Digest #11879


      Fri Aug 18, 2017 5:02 am (PDT) . Posted by:

      "CubaNews Moderator" walterlx

      Cuban Deputy Foreign Minister condemns aggression against Venezuela
      Posted on August 17, 2017
      by Greta Jean <>
      Cuba vehemently condemns military aggression against Venezuela, stated the
      island’s Deputy Minister of Foreign Relations, Ana Teresita González

      Havana-. “Cuba vehemently condemns military aggression against Venezuela,”
      stated the island’s Deputy Minister of Foreign Relation, Ana Teresita

      Taking to her Twitter account, the Cuban official also noted that the
      island “reaffirms the Postulates of Latin America and the Caribbean as a
      Zone of Peace. No to a “military option,” against Venezuela,” wrote
      González in reference to recent remarks by U.S. President Donald Trump, who
      stated that his government would not rule out a “military option” in
      regards to the situation in Venezuela.

      Meanwhile, it was announced that the Bolivarian nation will undertake a
      civic-military exercise on August 26 and 27 in preparation to defend its
      national territory in the event of military intervention.

      Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro ordered the National Bolivarian Armed
      Forces (FANB) to begin preparations given the U.S.’s increasingly hostile
      tone toward the country.

      Maduro urged Venezuelans to prepare to defend their homeland and called on
      the Somos Venezuela (We Are Venezuela) movement to organize exercises as
      part of the national Comprehensive Armed Defense Plan.

      According to Prensa Latina, the Venezuelan leader stated that the
      Bolivarian Revolution is an example of democracy for the world, because in
      just 18 years 22 elections have been held in the South American nation,
      including the successful and recently concluded process to elect a National
      Constituent Assembly (ANC).

      Meanwhile, Maduro called on the Truth, Justice and Peace Commission to
      begin a process against those calling for military intervention in
      Venezuela and who supported U.S. President Donald Trump’s recent threats
      regarding possible military action against the South American country.

      Redacción Internacional, *Granma*

      August 16, 2017

      Fri Aug 18, 2017 6:13 am (PDT) . Posted by:

      "CubaNews Moderator" walterlx

      Ocean exploration uncovers one of Cuba’s hidden natural treasures
      Posted on August 18, 2017
      by Greta Jean <>

      Queen triggerfish and finger sponges on mesophotic reef wall in Cuba.
      Credit: Cuba’s Twilight Zone Reefs Expedition/CIOERT at FAU Harbor Branch

      A research mission led by Florida Atlantic University’s Harbor Branch
      Oceanographic Institute has uncovered details of one of Cuba’s hidden
      natural treasures. After nearly two years of planning, a team of scientists
      from the United States and Cuba has explored never-before-studied
      mesophotic coral reefs during a month-long circumnavigation of the entire
      coast of Cuba, which spans about 1,500 miles (2,729 kilometers). Except for
      a few places along the coast, prior to this expedition, there were
      virtually no data or charts indicating what was beyond the shallow reef
      zone. At every dive site, the scientists discovered mesophotic reefs, which
      they documented from depths of 150 meters up to 30 meters.

      Forty-three dives using a remotely operated underwater vehicle (ROV) as
      well as snorkeling excursions have resulted in almost 20,000 underwater
      photographs, a collection of more than 500 marine plants and animals and
      100 hours of high definition video. In addition to documenting these
      mesophotic reefs for the first time, important discoveries included
      numerous new species of sponges and range extensions or depth records for
      several species of corals, gorgonians, sponges, algae and fish. They
      documented 123 species of fish, including numerous grouper and snapper on
      the mesophotic reefs. The invasive lionfish, which often number in the
      hundreds on mesophotic reefs off southwestern Florida, was present in
      relatively lower abundance at the study sites in Cuba. Some sites had coral
      abundances, rivaling the highest known coral densities in the Caribbean.

      “This expedition would not have been so successful without the hard work
      and collaboration of all the scientists from Cuba and the United States who
      participated in the cruise,” said John K. Reed, chief scientist and
      research professor at FAU’s Harbor Branch. “We were thrilled to discover
      that overall, the majority of the mesophotic reefs that we explored are
      very healthy and nearly pristine compared to many reefs found in the U.S.
      We saw little evidence of coral disease or coral bleaching, and evidence of
      human impact was limited to some lost long lines at some of the sites. Our
      biggest concern, however, is that we saw few large grouper.”

      Using the University of Miami’s Research Vessel F.G. Walton Smith as a
      platform for daily dives with the NOAA Marine Sanctuaries Foundation’s
      Mohawk ROV, scientists from the U.S. and Cuba specializing in corals,
      sponges, algae and fish logged thousands of dive notes, underwater photos
      and video, documenting the geomorphology, biological zonation and diversity
      of marine organisms.

      Many of the mission’s ROV dives took place in or directly adjacent to
      Cuba’s extensive network of marine protected areas (MPAs), providing an
      opportunity to explore locations for potential creation of new MPAs or
      expansion of existing boundaries. Oceanographic data and water samples also
      were collected daily to evaluate seawater chemistry, patterns of water
      circulation and potential connectivity between Cuban reefs and those in the

      Approximately 22 percent of the Cuban shelf is designated as MPAs, and many
      of the dives on this expedition were within these MPAs. During this
      expedition, the scientists identified at least four sites they believe
      should receive MPA status that are not currently protected. Some of these
      sites had dense cover of corals or populations of grouper and snapper,
      which may indicate spawning aggregations and Essential Fish and Coral

      “This expedition was a very successful collaboration between numerous
      institutions, universities and scientists,” said Anton Post, Ph.D.,
      executive director of FAU’s Harbor Branch. “These new discoveries will
      provide important documentation on the density of corals and fish in Cuba
      and ultimately determine the genetic connectivity of their corals and those
      collected from the U.S. Flower Gardens Bank and Florida Keys National
      Marine Sanctuaries.”

      * <>*, August 17, 2017

      Fri Aug 18, 2017 11:06 am (PDT) . Posted by:

      "CubaNews Moderator" walterlx

      HOLLYWOOD WORLDWIDEWhen Hollywood Met Castro-Era Havana
      A new exhibit showcases the colorful, surrealist, Cuban-made silk screens
      promoting Hollywood movies in the age of communism.

      - ALEX SUSKIND <>

      AUGUST 18, 2017 8:00 AM
      [image: Cuban posters for *Whatever Happened to Baby Jane?* (1962), *Rope*
      (1948), and *Moby Dick* (1956).]
      Cuban posters for *Whatever Happened to Baby Jane?* (1962), *Rope* (1948),
      and *Moby Dick* (1956).
      Courtesy of the Center for the Study of Political Graphics.

      The original poster for *Moby Dick,* the 1956 John Huston
      adaptation of Herman Melville’s novel, featuring a drawing of Gregory Peck
      facing off with the film’s titular whale, is emblematic of its era. But
      artist Antonio Fernández Reboiro’s Technicolor 1968 version is a bit more
      psychedelic. The work is just one of the dozens of Cuban-made
      American-movie posters on display in “Hollywood in Havana: Five Decades of
      Cuban Posters Promoting U.S. Films,” an upcoming exhibition
      <> at the Pasadena
      Museum of California Art.

      “Cubans love American films,” says curator Carol A. Wells,founder and
      executive director of the L.A.-based Center for the Study of Political
      Graphics, which collects and archives historical posters. The silk screens
      were created in the aftermath of the Cuban Revolution, under the newly
      minted Instituto Cubano del Arte e Industria Cinematográficos, an
      organization looking to promote cultural awareness and dialogue. And unlike
      its institutional brethren, I.C.A.I.C. was founded by a group that didn’t
      necessarily subscribe to the socialist realism
      otherwise predominated throughout the country.

      “There were poster-making institutes, like the political propaganda arms,
      [but] the film institute rejected that model, and really attracted people
      who wanted to think outside the box—who wanted to experiment, who wanted to
      explore,” she says. In came artists encouraged to take a different
      approach. Instead of using actors’ faces they created colorful, abstract,
      and minimalist silk screens, which were used to advertise screenings in
      Havana’s movie theaters, as well as in more remote locations outside the
      capital. “The Cubans formed something called the mobile cinema, because so
      much of the country didn’t have electricity,” says Wells. “They would bring
      generators, projectors, and films to these remote areas, and they would set
      up in the town plaza at night.”

      But wait: how did Cubans manage to get American films into the country when
      there was a trade embargo in place
      “I’ve asked and asked, and people either shrug because they don’t know, or
      they shrug and smile if they just don’t want to talk about it,” says Wells.
      The Pasadena exhibit will feature more than 40 of the silk screens that
      advertised these movies, including Cuban takes on *The Godfather* and *What
      Ever Happened to Baby Jane?,* along with lesser-known movies like *What's
      So Bad About Feeling Good?* starring Mary Tyler Moore.

      Wells ultimately hopes the exhibition will show Cuba in a new light. “What
      I have really found in the prep of this is how many stereotypes there are
      about Cuba,” she says, adding that visitors should be in for a surprise—and
      not just about the country itself. “Sometimes,” she adds, “these posters
      were actually better than the films.”

      *Hollywood in Havana: Five Decades of Cuban Posters Promoting U.S. Films at
      the Pasadena Museum of California Art runs from August 20, 2017-January 7,

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