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- 19 ago 2017
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Fri Aug 18, 2017 5:02 am (PDT) . Posted by:
Cuban Deputy Foreign Minister condemns aggression against Venezuela
Posted on August 17, 2017
by Greta Jean <http://thecubanhandshake.org/author/greta/>
Cuba vehemently condemns military aggression against Venezuela, stated the
island’s Deputy Minister of Foreign Relations, Ana Teresita González
Havana-. “Cuba vehemently condemns military aggression against Venezuela,”
stated the island’s Deputy Minister of Foreign Relation, Ana Teresita
Taking to her Twitter account, the Cuban official also noted that the
island “reaffirms the Postulates of Latin America and the Caribbean as a
Zone of Peace. No to a “military option,” against Venezuela,” wrote
González in reference to recent remarks by U.S. President Donald Trump, who
stated that his government would not rule out a “military option” in
regards to the situation in Venezuela.
Meanwhile, it was announced that the Bolivarian nation will undertake a
civic-military exercise on August 26 and 27 in preparation to defend its
national territory in the event of military intervention.
Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro ordered the National Bolivarian Armed
Forces (FANB) to begin preparations given the U.S.’s increasingly hostile
tone toward the country.
Maduro urged Venezuelans to prepare to defend their homeland and called on
the Somos Venezuela (We Are Venezuela) movement to organize exercises as
part of the national Comprehensive Armed Defense Plan.
According to Prensa Latina, the Venezuelan leader stated that the
Bolivarian Revolution is an example of democracy for the world, because in
just 18 years 22 elections have been held in the South American nation,
including the successful and recently concluded process to elect a National
Constituent Assembly (ANC).
Meanwhile, Maduro called on the Truth, Justice and Peace Commission to
begin a process against those calling for military intervention in
Venezuela and who supported U.S. President Donald Trump’s recent threats
regarding possible military action against the South American country.
Redacción Internacional, *Granma*
August 16, 2017
Fri Aug 18, 2017 6:13 am (PDT) . Posted by:
Ocean exploration uncovers one of Cuba’s hidden natural treasures
Posted on August 18, 2017
by Greta Jean <http://thecubanhandshake.org/author/greta/>
Queen triggerfish and finger sponges on mesophotic reef wall in Cuba.
Credit: Cuba’s Twilight Zone Reefs Expedition/CIOERT at FAU Harbor Branch
A research mission led by Florida Atlantic University’s Harbor Branch
Oceanographic Institute has uncovered details of one of Cuba’s hidden
natural treasures. After nearly two years of planning, a team of scientists
from the United States and Cuba has explored never-before-studied
mesophotic coral reefs during a month-long circumnavigation of the entire
coast of Cuba, which spans about 1,500 miles (2,729 kilometers). Except for
a few places along the coast, prior to this expedition, there were
virtually no data or charts indicating what was beyond the shallow reef
zone. At every dive site, the scientists discovered mesophotic reefs, which
they documented from depths of 150 meters up to 30 meters.
Forty-three dives using a remotely operated underwater vehicle (ROV) as
well as snorkeling excursions have resulted in almost 20,000 underwater
photographs, a collection of more than 500 marine plants and animals and
100 hours of high definition video. In addition to documenting these
mesophotic reefs for the first time, important discoveries included
numerous new species of sponges and range extensions or depth records for
several species of corals, gorgonians, sponges, algae and fish. They
documented 123 species of fish, including numerous grouper and snapper on
the mesophotic reefs. The invasive lionfish, which often number in the
hundreds on mesophotic reefs off southwestern Florida, was present in
relatively lower abundance at the study sites in Cuba. Some sites had coral
abundances, rivaling the highest known coral densities in the Caribbean.
“This expedition would not have been so successful without the hard work
and collaboration of all the scientists from Cuba and the United States who
participated in the cruise,” said John K. Reed, chief scientist and
research professor at FAU’s Harbor Branch. “We were thrilled to discover
that overall, the majority of the mesophotic reefs that we explored are
very healthy and nearly pristine compared to many reefs found in the U.S.
We saw little evidence of coral disease or coral bleaching, and evidence of
human impact was limited to some lost long lines at some of the sites. Our
biggest concern, however, is that we saw few large grouper.”
Using the University of Miami’s Research Vessel F.G. Walton Smith as a
platform for daily dives with the NOAA Marine Sanctuaries Foundation’s
Mohawk ROV, scientists from the U.S. and Cuba specializing in corals,
sponges, algae and fish logged thousands of dive notes, underwater photos
and video, documenting the geomorphology, biological zonation and diversity
of marine organisms.
Many of the mission’s ROV dives took place in or directly adjacent to
Cuba’s extensive network of marine protected areas (MPAs), providing an
opportunity to explore locations for potential creation of new MPAs or
expansion of existing boundaries. Oceanographic data and water samples also
were collected daily to evaluate seawater chemistry, patterns of water
circulation and potential connectivity between Cuban reefs and those in the
Approximately 22 percent of the Cuban shelf is designated as MPAs, and many
of the dives on this expedition were within these MPAs. During this
expedition, the scientists identified at least four sites they believe
should receive MPA status that are not currently protected. Some of these
sites had dense cover of corals or populations of grouper and snapper,
which may indicate spawning aggregations and Essential Fish and Coral
“This expedition was a very successful collaboration between numerous
institutions, universities and scientists,” said Anton Post, Ph.D.,
executive director of FAU’s Harbor Branch. “These new discoveries will
provide important documentation on the density of corals and fish in Cuba
and ultimately determine the genetic connectivity of their corals and those
collected from the U.S. Flower Gardens Bank and Florida Keys National
*phys.org <http://phys.org>*, August 17, 2017
Fri Aug 18, 2017 11:06 am (PDT) . Posted by:
HOLLYWOOD WORLDWIDEWhen Hollywood Met Castro-Era Havana
A new exhibit showcases the colorful, surrealist, Cuban-made silk screens
promoting Hollywood movies in the age of communism.
- ALEX SUSKIND <https://www.vanityfair.com/contributor/alex-suskind>
AUGUST 18, 2017 8:00 AM
[image: Cuban posters for *Whatever Happened to Baby Jane?* (1962), *Rope*
(1948), and *Moby Dick* (1956).]
Cuban posters for *Whatever Happened to Baby Jane?* (1962), *Rope* (1948),
and *Moby Dick* (1956).
Courtesy of the Center for the Study of Political Graphics.
The original poster for *Moby Dick,* the 1956 John Huston
adaptation of Herman Melville’s novel, featuring a drawing of Gregory Peck
facing off with the film’s titular whale, is emblematic of its era. But
artist Antonio Fernández Reboiro’s Technicolor 1968 version is a bit more
psychedelic. The work is just one of the dozens of Cuban-made
American-movie posters on display in “Hollywood in Havana: Five Decades of
Cuban Posters Promoting U.S. Films,” an upcoming exhibition
<http://pmcaonline.org/exhibitions/hollywood-in-havana/> at the Pasadena
Museum of California Art.
“Cubans love American films,” says curator Carol A. Wells,founder and
executive director of the L.A.-based Center for the Study of Political
Graphics, which collects and archives historical posters. The silk screens
were created in the aftermath of the Cuban Revolution, under the newly
minted Instituto Cubano del Arte e Industria Cinematográficos, an
organization looking to promote cultural awareness and dialogue. And unlike
its institutional brethren, I.C.A.I.C. was founded by a group that didn’t
necessarily subscribe to the socialist realism
otherwise predominated throughout the country.
“There were poster-making institutes, like the political propaganda arms,
[but] the film institute rejected that model, and really attracted people
who wanted to think outside the box—who wanted to experiment, who wanted to
explore,” she says. In came artists encouraged to take a different
approach. Instead of using actors’ faces they created colorful, abstract,
and minimalist silk screens, which were used to advertise screenings in
Havana’s movie theaters, as well as in more remote locations outside the
capital. “The Cubans formed something called the mobile cinema, because so
much of the country didn’t have electricity,” says Wells. “They would bring
generators, projectors, and films to these remote areas, and they would set
up in the town plaza at night.”
But wait: how did Cubans manage to get American films into the country when
there was a trade embargo in place
“I’ve asked and asked, and people either shrug because they don’t know, or
they shrug and smile if they just don’t want to talk about it,” says Wells.
The Pasadena exhibit will feature more than 40 of the silk screens that
advertised these movies, including Cuban takes on *The Godfather* and *What
Ever Happened to Baby Jane?,* along with lesser-known movies like *What's
So Bad About Feeling Good?* starring Mary Tyler Moore.
Wells ultimately hopes the exhibition will show Cuba in a new light. “What
I have really found in the prep of this is how many stereotypes there are
about Cuba,” she says, adding that visitors should be in for a surprise—and
not just about the country itself. “Sometimes,” she adds, “these posters
were actually better than the films.”
*Hollywood in Havana: Five Decades of Cuban Posters Promoting U.S. Films at
the Pasadena Museum of California Art runs from August 20, 2017-January 7,
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